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Always check with local codes when purchasing bleachers. Below is a list of safety codes that relate to bleachers.
IBC, UBC, BOCA, SBC, NFPA
We do not accept responsibility for condition, code compliance, or safety of any bleachers listed on this site. We do not oversee purchase or accept any liability for any purchases or transactions between buyers and sellers. Bleachers should be inspected by a authorized bleacher specialist and you should always contact your local building and safety codes department.
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Bleachers Buyers Guide
Things to consider when making a bleacher buying decision
Bleacher Buying Considerations
During it’s lifetime your bleacher will be used by thousands of event
*This buyer guide is to provide you with reliable information about bleacher that should help you make an informed buying decision.
A guide to choosing the correct bleacher for your needs
18" (for each spectator per) seat is the standard used in the industry. Keep in mind, even though 18" is used to figure the seat count of a bleacher, this is not typically a comfortable amount of room. You may want to figure a wider area to be accurate with the realistic amount of spectators that you can comfortably fit onto the bleachers.
Horizontal guardrail is no longer to code. This produces a ladder effect that is no longer considered safe.
Most codes state that all openings (within the seating) above 30" need to be closed to 4" or less.
Guardrails are required on bleachers that top seat height is greater than 30".
The above revised bleacher code requirements touch on only a few of the code requirements. Always check with your local building and safety department. You can also research the codes that apply to bleachers IBC, UBC, BOCA, SBC, NFPA
Bleacher System Types
Non-Elevated Bleacher: A non-elevated bleacher sets at ground level and is the most common type bleacher. Commonly seen in 3 to 20 rows with row and unlimited length, This type of bleacher has a first seat height of 17 inches and an 8 inch rise per row. Other rises and runs are available but much less common. Non-elevated bleachers commonly have aluminum seat planks and a network of steel or aluminum framework with cross-bracing underneath.
Elevated Bleachers: An elevated bleacher is elevated above ground level and equipped with a front walkway that can be entered by stairs or ramps. The feet of the spectators rest on the front walkway rather than at ground level. Elevated bleachers are a often selected for events where players are positioned on the sidelines and spectators line of sight would be obstructed. Elevating the bleachers and the spectators improves their line of sight.
Grandstand Bleachers: Grandstands are permanent bleachers that can be elevated or non-elevated and have common traits to these systems with the exception of framework. A grandstand, sometimes referred to as I-beam bleachers, have a permanently mounted I-beam understructure and are often used for events that call for larger numbers of seating. It is more common to see taller rises per row and sometimes deeper runs per row.
Low-Rise Bleachers Low rise bleachers were designed to allow up to 4 rows without the need for guardrails or aisle and are within safety codes in most areas. These bleachers maintain a top seat height of less than 30" and have a wider seat plank for more stability stepping to upper rows. A shorter riser per row (typically 6") and a first seat that is lower to the ground are common traits of the low-rise bleacher. a. The lower first seat (approx 10"-11") may not be comfortable for adults.
Tip & Roll Bleachers: This type of bleacher is typically used indoors and can be “tipped up” onto a set of casters and rolled to a new event location or into storage. Tip and Roll bleachers are available in 2 or 3 and 4 rows. These bleachers do not have guardrails or aisles and frames are typically aluminum (lighter than steel frames) to make lifting easier.
Transportable Bleachers: Transportable bleachers are designed to be moved from one area to another. Transportable bleachers are intended for movement on your grounds (not intended for public roads). Transportable bleachers usually have additional bracing to allow relocating the bleacher. A transportable bleacher requires a wheel kit that usually include a tongue assembly, wheels and some type of jack to lift the bleacher to install the wheel assembly. These bleachers are a great choice for the budget minded that would like to use the same bleachers at several event areas.
Retractable Bleachers: Retractable bleachers are normally an indoor bleacher that retracts flat against the wall when not in use allowing additional floor space to be used when no spectator event is in progress.
*Disclaimer: This Buyer Guide is not intended to provide legal advice and/or interpretation of any local, state or national codes. The bleacher owner remains solely responsible for the compliance with any/and all applicable codes. Official interpretation, application, or variances rest solely within control of local authorities. Contact your local code officials and/or other governmental agencies for the exact requirements in your area. All specification subject to change.
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